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History of Cambria County, V.2

strength of the position and weight of fire from an immense body of the enemy, we were obliged to fall back to our original position, which I am proud to record we maintained during the engagement until relieved. During this charge I sustained a heavy loss, the amount of which it is impossible to ascertain. Many of those returned as missing met their death in this charge. After being relieved I moved to my original position, where I encamped for the night.
    On the following day my command moved with the column under the immediate supervision of the colonel commanding the brigade. We retired from the field at dusk and encamped at Centreville. * * * Number of officers and men engaged at Bristoe Station, 204; at Bull Run, 195.
Robert Thompson,
Lieut.-Col. Commanding.

    There were a series of engagements in this vicinity in the last week of August, 1862, and there may be a complication of names of the actions. The following are the official names and dates: Bristoe Station, Va., skirmish, August 27, 1862; Buckland Bridge, Va., skirmish, August 27, 1862; Kettle Run, Va. engagement August 27, 1862; Groveton, Va., batttle of August 29, 1862; Bull Run, Va. (2d), battle of August 30, 1862.


    In this battle Cambria had five complete companies and a large part of the sixth, and of these three were actively and three inactively engaged. Capts. Daniel D. Jones, John M. Jones and William Linton, from Ebensburg; Capt. Downey and Capt. Butland, from Johnstown, and Capt. Gardner, of the 125th Regiment.
    The battle was one of the decisive engagements of the war, and the most terrific in the slaughter of men during the entire contention. It was fought by McClellan and Lee, on the west side of Antietam creek, around the village of Sharpsburg, Maryland.
    The field was in front of a large bend in the Potomac river within the northeast shore, and turning the letter U in a horizontal position, thus, , gives a substantially correct representation. The upper point of the letter represents the north, towards Hagerstown, and the lower, south, towards the Potomac river. The village of Sharpsburg lies on a line between the north and south points of the letter, about midway between them. The curved line is the bend in the river. The Hagerstown pike runs north from the east side of the village, and the

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Created: 24 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors