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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 247
day; 50 of them were captured: we had to plant some guns ready to shell before the town would surrender.
    Saturday, 8. 2 miles beyond Warrenton; very cold.
    Sabbath, 9. Received two letters from home; first mail for some time and all are glad.
    Monday, 10. David Hess and I were in Warrenton today; 3,000 to 4,000 inhabitants; some fine residences; business places all closed; the headquarters of Gens. Burnside and Sumner are here; it is reported the rebels are retreating to Richmond; McClellan's army is something the rebels never anticipated and exceeds anything of the kind; we have been on the march all day; the secesh farmers do not understand why we take a roundabout way; they say we travel 10 miles to go 5; we do this to scour the country and drive the enemy out. Desolation prevails around farms, etc. Have just received the intelligence that Gen. McClellan has been removed and Gen. Burnside succeeds him; the news was received with sorrow, as Little Mac has the confidence and esteem of the soldiers. Gen. McClellan gave his farewell to the Army of the Potomac. It was an affecting and imposing scene.
    Tuesday, 11. Camp near Bealeton, Va., 57 miles from Washington.
    Friday, 14. We marched from camp near Warrenton at 2 p. m. on Tuesday, the 11th, and marched back towards Warrenton, leaving it a little to the left. This looks like a retrograde movement; we had to leave Cover, Homan, Wisegarver and Rodgers in the hospital at Warrenton; we marched 16 miles from 2 to 10 p. m.
    Saturday, 15. Webster B. Lowman showed me a map of Virginia, from which I ascertained our location for the first time in Virginia.
    Sabbath, 16. The 88th and 94th left our brigade, and the 12th Mass. joined it; it now is composed of the 12th Mass. Joined it; it is now composed of the 12th Mass., 26th New York, 90th and 136th Penna. Col. Lisle is our brigade commander, and Gen. Gibbon of the division; our mess is Hartzell, Hess, Martin, James Moore, Sawyer and myself; nights are cold.
    Monday, 17. Marched at 7:30 a. m. very fast for 16 miles, with few halts; camped at 3 p. m. at a little run in the woods; I became ill, and Gahegan and Marbourg made a fire, and James Moore made coffee, which with the heat and coffee I soon revived.
    Tuesday, 18. We marched about 10 miles and camped in a field where there are thousands of soldiers all around us. We were the rear guard and marched slowly; it rained while on the march.
    Wednesday, 19. 12th camp in Virginia, 2 miles from Stafford court house, and 12 miles from Aquia Creek Landing on the Potomac. At 9 a. m. we started on our march and went


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Created: 22 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors