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History of Cambria County, V.2

Friday, April 7. Marched to High Bridge and found the enemy on the high ground on the other side of Appomattox river in line of battle; they retired and we followed. The bridge was set on fire, but was saved. The corps captured 18 guns and 400 prisoners. Barlow (Second Division) moved down the railroad. The First and Third (Co. D. 110th P.V.) Divisions took a road two miles from the bridge, turning to the right, leading to Farmville. Here the enemy was found in strong force, and we failed to find their flank, so no attack was ordered. Barlow forced them and destroyed 150 wagons. Gen. Smyth, commanding Third Brigade, Second Division, was mortally wounded.
    Saturday, April 8. Left camp at 7 a.m.; marched down the Farmville and Lynchburg stage road one mile and a half toward the right, on the road leading to Buckingham Court House. At Coalpit turned to the right and marched on a road running parallel to plank road, and marched through New Store. Rested two and a half hours. Received orders to march until we had the enemy on our immediate front. Left at 9:30 a.m.; marched until 12:30 o'clock. The men were so exhausted for want of something to eat that a halt was ordered; went into camp and rations were issued.
    Sunday, April 9. Left camp at 9 o'clock and marched to within five miles of Appomattox Court House; halted. At 4 o'clock received news that Gen. Lee had surrendered.

    Oliver Westover, who was in the 115th Pennsylvania, relates an incident of some interest in the treatment of prisoners by the Confederates. The prisoners were placed in line to pass through a gauntlet, when their clothing was exchanged for tattered rags, and valuables appropriated. The following colloquy and incident occurred: Q. Where are you from? A. Clearfield county, Pennsylvania. Q. Do you know William A. Wallace? A. Yes. Q. Do you know Bucher Swope? A. Yes. Q. Who did you vote for? A. Lincoln. The enemy then proceeded to take ninety-seven cents from him, which was all the money he had.
    The next prisoner, who had heard the examination, stepped up and was asked: “Who did you vote for for president?” Believing that he would fare better if they knew he had voted for Breckinridge, he so replied, but not so; he was instantly struck a hard blow, and damned and cursed, with the expletive: “That we expected the Lincolnites to fight us, but we didn't think the Breckinridge men would.” They also took his money, but returned the ninety-seven cents to the Lincoln prisoner.

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Created: 22 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors