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History of Cambria County, V.2

not stand and the whole thing retreated with our cavalry and artillery on their heels.
    Yesterday they turned to the left after leaving Newmarket and have gone through Swift Run Gap in the direction of Gordonsville, leaving the road to Staunton clear for us. Our army halted here last (Sunday) evening and still remains, but how long no one can surmise. It is evident that Early is completely broken and defeated, as his retreat to Gordonsville shows, but I think no doubt he will be strongly reinforced at the strategic point.
    The weather in this valley is delightful and favorable for military movements at this time, though the nights are cold and frosty. The only inconvenience I experience just now is having no clothing along, consequently cannot change collars and shave quite so often, and in order to keep warm must sit up nearly all night around a rail fire, but in this case the company is very droll and entertaining. As the mail will start in short time I cannot write more at present, but will in a few days. * * *
Near Harrisonburg, Va., Sunday, October 2d, 1864.
    * * * Our army has been lying here since last Sunday comparatively quiet with the exception of a cavalry action with the enemy's rear guard at Cross Keys, a short distance from us, a few days since. The two battles we had with Early were very bloody and obstinate, but I think there is no doubt of his complete defeat. Rumor has it that he is either relieved or reinforced by A. P. Hill and part of his corps. During the week our cavalry have been destroying all the granaries and mills they could find between this and Staunton. They are now stationed about six miles in front of us and for the last hour considerable musketry and cannonading is heard; this may indicate an advance on our lines, which a few hours will determine. We have been a whole week idle and it would not be surprising to have the smoke of battle at any time, and especially this being Sunday. * * * I have no baggage or transportation and can carry nothing but what I have on me. * * *
Cedar Creek. Va., October 13 [Thursday], 1864.
    * * * I received your two letters of the 27th of September and October 2d. The first reached me at Fisher's Hill last Sunday morning; the other I got yesterday. The last time I wrote you was from Harrisonburg and sent by one of my sergeants, which I have no doubt has reached you by this time. Since then I have had but little opportunity to write, being on the move nearly all the time and having a great deal to look after and attend to. I have not as yet received the Bonacker letter, but heard it was mailed at Martinsburg some time ago. If it has not fallen in Mosby's possession I may get it some time yet. Our line of communication to Harrisonburg being so long it took from four to five days for a wagon train to come through, besides being very much exposed. It is now considerably short-

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Created: 20 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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