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History of Cambria County, V.2

Capt. William B. Bonacker, from Johnstown; and Company K, Capt. Edmond R. Newhard, from Allentown.
    The regiment was organized at Harrisburg, with the officers named in the roster, and remained in camp there until February 27, 1862, when it was taken to Washington City and went into camp near Bladensburg Cemetery. March 29 it was ordered to report to Col. Miles at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. The regiment was immediately assigned to protect the Baltimore & Ohio railroad between Martinsburg and Cumberland, and keep it open for the transportation of troops and supplies, which was necessary for the practical operation of the armies, east and west.
    Col. Campbell's headquarters were at Great Cacapon Bridge at first, but later were at Sir John's Run, twenty-eight miles west of Martinsburg. The companies were located thus: Capt. Long's Company G. at Back Creek Bridge, eight miles west of Martinsburg; Capt. Davis' Company F at Sleepy Creek Bridge, nine miles further west; Capt. Lapsley's Company D at Alpine, near Hancock, Maryland, five miles further west; Capt. Bonacker's Company I at Sir John's Run, five miles furthur; Capt. Yutzy's Company C at the Great Cacapon Bridge, five miles further; Capt. Billheimer's Company H at Rockwell's Run, six miles more to the west; Capt. Graham's Company E at No. 12 Water Station, a few miles to the west; Capt. Hite's Company B at Paw Paw, about three miles to the west; Capt. Newhard's Company K at Little Cacapon Bridge, a few miles further west; and Capt. Suter's Company A at the South Branch Bridge, a few miles to the west and sixteen miles east of Cumberland. The distance to be guarded was fifty-six miles. A reference to a map will show that this territory was in the enemy's country, and on account of the mountainous character of the land on both sides of the railroad and the rivers, it was difficult to defend. Roving bands of partisans could suddenly come out of the mountains at the valleys or passes and destroy the road by burning bridges and tearing up the tracks, or destroying water and fuel stations. It was the favorite locality for Confederate Generals Imboden, McNeil, White and Edwards, and even Gen. Rosser suddenly made a dash on the camp of Capt. Newhard at the Little Cacapon Bridge while the company was at roll call, and after a spirited fight captured most of the company. Imboden moved to Paw Paw, where he succeded in procuring a surrender from Capt. Hite without a fight.

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Created: 16 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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