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|History of Cambria County, V.2|
|HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY.||65|
needed, organized these regiments into a reserve corps to await the further call. On the night of the disaster at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, Washington City was undefended, and immediate requisition was made for all the troops it was possible to get. The Pennsylvania Reserves promptly responded, and were the first troops to enter the National Capital at this time.
The companies of the 11th Regiment were recruited in western Pennsylvania. Capt. Robert Litzinger organized Company A at Ebensburg. On June 29 and 30, 1861, the regiment was mustered into the United States service in its camp in the Park in Washington City. It was 900 strong, and was assigned to the Second Brigade, commanded by Gen. George G. Meade, of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, under Maj-Gen. George A. McCall. In September it was ordered to Great Falls, Maryland, where it did picket duty along the Potomac river. The regiment moved with the division to the left of Georgetown and Leesburg pike, near Lewinsville, Virginia, where Capt. Litzinger was elected major on November 1, 1861. On April 9, 1862, the division was assigned to the First Corps under Gen. McDowell, and moved to Catlett's Station, thence to Falmouth. In June it was transferred to the Peninsula, and assigned to Gen. Fitz John Porter's Fifth Corps, and took part in the battle of Mechaniesville. This was the beginning of a splendid record, which continued for three years. The history of its marches, battles and imprisonment follows.
The Eleventh Pennsylvania Reserves, or Fortieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, was mustered in June 25, 1861; mustered out June 13, 1864. The following were the field and staff officers:
Col. Thos. F. Gallagher; disch. Dec. 12, 1862, for wounds received at South Mountain, Sept. 14, 1862; prom. brevet brig.-gen., March 13, 1865.