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History of Cambria County, V.2

needed, organized these regiments into a reserve corps to await the further call. On the night of the disaster at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, Washington City was undefended, and immediate requisition was made for all the troops it was possible to get. The Pennsylvania Reserves promptly responded, and were the first troops to enter the National Capital at this time.
    The companies of the 11th Regiment were recruited in western Pennsylvania. Capt. Robert Litzinger organized Company A at Ebensburg. On June 29 and 30, 1861, the regiment was mustered into the United States service in its camp in the Park in Washington City. It was 900 strong, and was assigned to the Second Brigade, commanded by Gen. George G. Meade, of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, under Maj-Gen. George A. McCall. In September it was ordered to Great Falls, Maryland, where it did picket duty along the Potomac river. The regiment moved with the division to the left of Georgetown and Leesburg pike, near Lewinsville, Virginia, where Capt. Litzinger was elected major on November 1, 1861. On April 9, 1862, the division was assigned to the First Corps under Gen. McDowell, and moved to Catlett's Station, thence to Falmouth. In June it was transferred to the Peninsula, and assigned to Gen. Fitz John Porter's Fifth Corps, and took part in the battle of Mechaniesville. This was the beginning of a splendid record, which continued for three years. The history of its marches, battles and imprisonment follows.
    The Eleventh Pennsylvania Reserves, or Fortieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, was mustered in June 25, 1861; mustered out June 13, 1864. The following were the field and staff officers:

    Col. Thos. F. Gallagher; disch. Dec. 12, 1862, for wounds received at South Mountain, Sept. 14, 1862; prom. brevet brig.-gen., March 13, 1865.
    Col. Samuel M. Jackson; prom. From captain Co. G to major, July 2, 1861; to lieut.-col. Oct. 28, 1861; to col., April 10, 1862; to brevet brig.-gen., March 13, 1865; mustered out with regiment, June 13, 1864.
    Lieut. Col. James R. Porter; prom. from captain Co. B to lieut.-col. July 2, 1861; res. Oct. 24, 1861.
    Lieut.-Col. Daniel S. Porter; prom. from captain Co. B to lieut.-col. May 14, 1863; to brevet col. March 12, 1865; res. March 10, 1864.
    Lieut.-Col. Robert A. M'Coy; prom. from 1st lieut. Co. A to adjutant April 21, 1862; to major Oct. 28, 1863; to lieut.-col. March 21, 1864; to brevet col. And brevet brig.-gen. March 13, 1865; must. Out with regiment June 13, 1864.
    Maj. Robert Litzinger; prom. from captain Co. A to major Nov. 1, 1861; res. April 1, 1862.
    Maj. Peter A Johns; prom. from 1st lieut. Co. F to adjutant July 2, 1861; to major May 17, 1862; res. March 29, 1863.
    Maj. James P. Speer; prom. from captain Co. G to major May 28, 1863; to brevet lieut.-col. March 13, 1865; disch. Aug. 27, 1863, for wounds rec'd in action.
    Maj. James C. Burke; prom. from captain Co. A to major March 25, 1864; to brevet lieut.-col. March 13, 1865; must. out with regiment June 13, 1864.

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Created: 16 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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