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History of Cambria County, V.2

able to dirve him farther south, especially to gain possession of Chattanooga, which was an important railroad center for the Confederacy. Rosecrans, the commander of the Army of the Cumberland, was directed to undertake this task.
    On September 7, Rosecrans was at Trenton, Georgia, about 14 miles west of the Chickamauga battle field, and west of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. He succeeded in getting McCook's and Thomas' corps on Lookout Mountain before Bragg was aware of the movement; whereupon the latter evacuated Chattanooga on the 8th and took position at Lafayette, Gerogia, 22 miles south. Rosecrans' army consisted of three corps of infantry; Thomas' fourteenth; McCook's Twentieth, and Crittenden's Twenty-first, which with his cavalry made about 56,985 troops. Bragg, after he was reinforced by Longstreet from Lee's army, had abut 71,550 men.
    Rosecrans' strategy in moving this army over three ranges of mountains and crossing a wide river, with the possession of Chattanooga, was a brilliant affair. However, erroneous dispatches led Rosecrans to believe that Bragg was retreating to Rome, Georgia, and he started in pursuit. On the 18th he found Bragg occupying the gaps in the Pigeon Mountains. That night Bragg substantially formed his line of battle with D. H. Hill's corps on the extreme right, Polk and Buckner in the center, and Hood's division of Longstreet's corps on the left.
    Rosecrans' line was established about a half-mile east of the state road leading to Lafayette, with Thomas' corps (Co.C) on the extreme left, McCook in the center, and Crittenden on the right. The battle began at daybreak with Company C's brigade on the extreme left, and continued furiously all the day. In the evening Rosecrans had been driven back to the Lafayette road and Longstreet with the remainder of his corps came up that night at 11 o'clock.
    The attack on the brigade of regulars was severe, many being killed, wounded and captured. Among those wounded and taken prisoner was Lieut. James H. Gageby, of Johnstown, of Company A of the 19th Regulars. About 12:20 he was captured by Liddell's brigade of Cleburne's division and taken to Libby prison at Richmond. On February 9, 1864, he escaped through the tunnel which Col. Rose had managed to dig. Many of our prisoners got away, but Lieut. Gageby was recaptured on the 11th near Charles City Cross Roads, Virginia, put in the dun-

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Created: 16 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors