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History of Cambria County, V.2

    P.S. The list of killed and wounded of my battalion of five companies, amounting to 5 killed, and 2 officers and 30 of the rank and file wounded, has been handed to the adjutant-general.
    During the day, with the exception of half an hour from 3:30 to 4 p.m., my battalion occupied a position of the left of the 15th and 16th U.S. Infantry, during which half hour we were hotly engaged supporting one of our batteries.
    The assistant surgeon attached to my battalion, H.C.Parry, was present at the first engagement in the morning. At this time I called his attention to a soldier who had been wounded.
    After this I saw him no more upon the battle-field during the day, and the wounded of the regiment were sent to the rear by the officers of the regiment.            S.D.C.


    Gen. Bragg was defeated at Perryville, Kentucky, October 7 and *, 1862, and driven out of the state; late in November he camped near Murfreesboro, 33 miles southeast of Nashville. Gen. W.S. Rosecrans succeeded Gen. D.C .Buell on October 27. He immediately organized the Army of the Cumberland, formerly the Fourteenth Corps, into three wings: McCook on the right; Thomas in the center (Co. C) and Crittenden on the left.
    Company C, from Ebensburg, was in the First Battalion of the 19th U. S. Infantry, then commanded by Maj. S.D. Carpenter, who was killed January 2, and succeeded by Capt. James B. Mulligan. It was in the Fourth Brigade, under Lieut. Col. O.L. Shepherd, and the First Division, commanded by Gen. L. H. Rousseau and Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas commander of the left wing.
    Rosecrans left Nashville on December 26. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, the brilliant cavalry leader of the Confederacy, got in his rear and wrought great damage; capturing over 1,000 prisoners and destroying more than a million dollars worth of stores etc. Rosecrans and Bragg met at Murfreesboro on Tuesday, the 30th. On the 31st the field was on the west side of Stone river, principally south of the Nashville turnpike, and two miles west of Murfreesboro. The slaughter on the 2d took place on the east side of the river, north of the turnpike.
    Company C was on Thomas's left flank. Hardee began the conflict early on the 31st, and turned McCook's right flank. About 10:30 a.m. the brigade of Regulars (Co. C) was placed on the extreme right of its division. This line was formed in a dense cedar thicket, when the enemy advancing in a victorious sweep, fell heaviest on the Regulars, who lost more than one-

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Created: 16 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors