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|History of Cambria County, V.1|
|92||HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY.|
was an old Indian town, and in no sense to be a part of the name.
The Pennsylvania Historical Society of Philadelphia has published a map of the early days of the province, which discloses the Kittanning trail as beginning at Frankstown, below Hollidaysburg, thence through Burgoon's Gap, at what is now known as Kittanning Point, to the top of the mountains. There it diverges, one going northwest direct to Cherry Tree and Kittanning, and the other one taking a southwesterly course follows the Little Conemaugh river to Johnstown.
These maps show other places mentioned in the several schedules of distances given by Weiser, Harris and others. For instance, Dunning's creek begins on the eastern slope and empties into the Raystown branch of the Juniata, east of Bedford. The "4 mile Run," the "9 mile Run," and the "12 mile Run" are streams which empty into the Loyalhanna river west of Fort Ligonier, crossed by the Pittsburg-Bedford trail.
The Kittanning trail was the route over which Colonel John Armstrong conducted his expedition to destroy the French and Indian out post at Kittanning.
In his elaborate report Colonel Armstrong states: "On Wednesday the 3d instant, (September, 1756), we joined our advance party at Beaver Dams, a few miles from Frankstown, on the north branch of the Juniata. We were there informed that some of our men having been out on a scout had discovered the tracks of two Indians, on this side (east) of the Allegheny mountains, and but a few miles from camp. The next morning we decamped, and in two days came within fifty miles of Kittanning. It was then adjudged necessary to send some persons to reconnoiter the town and to get the best intelligence they could concerning the situation and the position of the enemy. Whereupon an officer with one of the pilots and two soldiers were sent off for that purpose. The day following we met them on their return, and they informed us that the roads were entirely clear of the enemy, and they had the greatest reason to believe they were not discovered.
It will appear that on September 4th the expedition halted in the vicinity of Canoe Place, or Cherry Tree, to await the information desired. Receiving that, Colonel Armstrong continued his way and attacked the force at Kittanning, which he completely routed, and destroyed the town. The French and Indians retiring to Fort Duquesne, now Pittsburg, removed the enemy