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|History of Cambria County, V.1|
INDIAN TRAILS--OLD ROADS.
It is admitted that the best map of Western Pennsylvania during the colonial days is that of "W. Scull," dedicated to Thomas and Richard Penn, without date, but generally said to have been made in 1770.
It shows the Venango trail as beginning at Frankstown, thence to the top of the Allegheny mountains, most likely through the Burgoon Gap; crossing the Clearfield and Chest creeks, it passes through "Hart's Sleeping Place," near Carrolltown, thence in a direct line to "Canoe Place," or Cherry Tree, from where the trail runs to the junction of the Allegheny river and French creek. Scull's map also describes the Bedford-Pittsburg trait thus: Starting at Bedford and passing through the Shawnese Cabbins," at the foot of the eastern slope of the mountains, thence to the summit. A short distance from the top of the mountains is "Edmonds' Swamp," then crossing the Stoneycreek and the Quemahoning creeks and a direct line to Fort Ligonier, thence to Fort Pitt. The "Long Glade" and the "Great Glades" are a few miles south of the swamp.
There is another map without date published by the state, also dedicated to the Penns, which locates the Indian village at the junction of the Conemaugh and Stonycreek rivers, now Johnstown, and marks it thus: "Conemack, Old Town and Sauvages." Also, at a point opposite the mouth of the Loyalhanna river, which is now Saltsburg, is marked "Black Town Sauvages," and further down the Kiskiminetas river another Indian village is shown. On the Ohio river the villages are indicated thus: "Sewicklys, Old Town, Sauvages," and "Chartiers' Old Town, Sauvages."
These records are important in view of the fact that when Joseph Johns laid out what is now the city of Johnstown, he named it "Conemaugh Old Town," or at least the person who prepared the document made it that way. It seems clear that the wordy "Old Town" were not a part of the name of the place, but were given by the early surveyors to explain that the village