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|History of Cambria County, V.1|
History of Cambria County.
WILLIAM PENN SEEKS TO PURCHASE INDIAN TITLE FOR THE SUSQUE-
HANNA RIVER -- PENN SECURES THE DONGAN TITLE -- PENN'S DIF-
FICULTIES IN ENGLAND AND IN THE PROVINCE -- TREATIES WITH
THE INDIANS -- FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR -- CHARLES CAMPBELL
PROCURES A WARRANT FOR THE LAND ON THE CONEMAUGH AND
STONEYCREEK RIVERS AT JOHNSTOWN.
The King of England, Charles II, desiring to perpetuate the memory of his friend, Admiral William Penn, for his victory over the Dutch fleet in 1665, looked with favor on the petition of William Penn, his son, for permission and a grant of sufficient land in America to locate a colony thereon; therefore, on March. 4, 1681, at Westminster, the charter for Pennsylvania was granted. The boundary lines were given thus:
"All that tract or parte of land in America, with all the Islands therein conteyned, as the same is bounded on the East by Delaware River, from twelve miles distance Northwards of New Castle Towne unto the three and fortieth degree of Northern latitude if the said River doth extend soe farre Northwards: But if the said River shall not extend soe farre Northward, then by the said River soe farr as it doth extend, and from the head of the said River the Easterne bounds are to bee determined by a meridian line to bee drawn from the head of the said River unto the said three and fortieth degree, the said lands to extend Westwards, five degrees in longitude, to be computed from the said Eastern Bounds, and the said lands to bee bounded on the North by the beginning of the three and fortieth degree of Northern latitude, and on the South, by a circle drawn at twelve miles distance from New Castle Northwards, and Westwards unto the beginning of the fortieth degree of Northern Latitude: and then by a straight line Westwards, to the limitt of Longitude above mentioned."
Under this authority Penn immediately began to make his arrangements to take possession, and appointed William Markham, his cousin, lieutenant governor, who arrived in New York