quette, the many times martyred Jogues, are themes well calculated to arouse the most eloquent of American historians; but their strange environment has perhaps added somewhat to the remarkable interest and reverence with which we approach the story of their adventures, their sufferings and alas! their failures.
The record of such work for religion does not, however, end with the last “Relation” of the Jesuit Fathers, and from their day to the present time it has been carried forward with quite as much self-sacrifice, and quite as much burning zeal, as that of the pioneer priests of New France. The workers have been for the most part unknown to the world in general, but here and there in the annals of both Church and State are preserved instances of heroic devotion and deeds of consecrated labor which shine forth through the gathering mist of years, and, like “yon little candle,” still shed their beams upon a naughty world.
Directly in the line of this succession stands the figure of a missionary priest in a backwoods settlement in Pennsylvania, whose quiet life was one of persistent accomplishment in the face of serious and trying obstacles, and of unfaltering devotion to an humble work for which he relinquished a princely inheritance and a brilliant career and separated himself forever from home and kindred.
When Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin was born at The Hague on December 22, 1770, he was welcomed as the heir to a Russian family whose pedigree was longer and nobler than that of the imperial Romanoffs; a family which had produced great generals, great statesmen, and at least one martyr in the cause of religion, and which had always held positions of importance at the Russian Court. The father of Demetrius was Prince Dmitri Alexeivich Gallitzin, at one time in high favor with the Empress Catherine, and the friend of Diderot, Voltaire, and D'Alembert, with whom he was intimate during a long residence in Paris, as Russian Ambassador. In 1768 he married the Countess Amalia von Schmettau, a sister of the Prussian Field-Marshal von Schmettau, a soldier of great celebrity in his day, and shortly afterwards went to The