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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 347
and the 6th under Gen. Sedgwick. The 1st and 3rd corps were abandoned.
    Capt. Fite's company was assigned to the 4th Division, under Gen. Gershom Mott, and the 1st Brigade under Gen. Joseph B. Carr, in Hancock's 2d corps.
    The losses in the Mine Run movement were about 500 on each side. On May 4, Gen. Grant re-crossed the Rapidan and the campaign of 1864 was opened.

THE BATTLES OF THE WILDERNESS, SPOTTSYLVANIA AND COLD HARBOR.

    Cambria county furnished six companies—Capt. Jones, killed; Capt. Hamilton, Capt. Ryckman, Capt. Fox, Capt. O'Connell and Capt. Fite were all in this fierce campaign.
    While Gen. Grant had the absolute command of all the armies of the Federal government in the beginning of the campaign of 1864, he remained with the Army of the Potomac.
    On May 4 the army crossed the Rapidan river to meet Lee, who was intrenched a short distance back from the stream. Gen. Hancock's 2d corps (Capt. Fite) crossed at Ely's Ford, and Gen. Warren's 5th corps (Capt. D. D. Jones, killed) at Germanna Ford. Capt. Hamilton was with Sheridan's cavalry, which crossed in advance. Grant had 118,000 troops with 318 guns, and Lee had 62,000 with 224 pieces of artillery. Hancock's corps (Capt. Fite) proceeded to Chancellorsville, which placed it on Grant's left flank, or on the southeast side of the Wilderness field. Warren's corps (Capt. unknown), with Wilson's division of cavalry (Capt. Hamilton) followed the Germanna Plank road south-east to the Wilderness Tavern.
    Lee had a magnificent position for a defense. The locality was always known as the Wilderness; it was primal forest, very uneven, with thickets and ravines right and left. It was impossible to use artillery excepting on the dirt roads which ran through it.
    Warren began the fight at 7:15 a. m. by attacking Ewell at the Orange turnpike. Capt. Jones' company A was on Warren's left. Hancock had not come up from Chancellorsville when the battle began, and at 11 a. m. Meade informed him the enemy was coming down the Brock road, and that he must move up and connect with Warren, on his left. He promptly moved his column, but the enemy interposed on the Brock road where the fighting became very severe. The lines were exceedingly close and the musketry fire was continuous and deadly. Han-


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Created: 25 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors