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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 327
proceeding about 3 miles, I received the fire of the enemy's skirmishers to the left of the road, and had some of my skirmishers wounded. I proceeded cautiously to the forks of the road when, becoming satisfied the enemy was in force on the left, I directed the command to return to camp. During the night of the 5th of May, (Tuesday) the division was withdrawn from its position and recrossed the river (Rappahannock) in good order, arriving at its present camp yesterday, (May 8, Friday).
    The following is a list of casualties: * * Second Brigade (Co., K, 136th Penna.) 1 officer and 2 men, killed; 14 men wounded and 5 missing – total 22. * *
John C. Robinson,
Brigadier General.

BATTLE OF GETTSYBURG.

    As has been noted, the Confederate cause was never so high nor so bright as immediately following Lee's magnificent generalship at Chancellorsville, and when he retired to his old camp at Fredericksburg, opposite Hooker's army, he prepared his plan for an offensive campaign.
    The paramount requisite to establish the Confederate cause was its recognition by the foreign powers. Mason and Slidell were in England and France seeking to persuade those nations and had they succeeded, it would have given the South financial assistance besides much needed military equipments and supplies. Mr. Lincoln commissioned Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Francis Adams, who was our Minister at Westminster, and others to go thence representing the Union and resist the plea. Their mission was successful. Lee determined his duty was to give assistance to Mason and Slidell by making an invasion through the North and occupying Baltimore, Philadelphia and probably Washington City. He believed his army was invincible and had complete confidence in his plan, but he was “riding to a fall” from which he never recovered. He began his northern invasion on June 3.
    This invasion was the beginning of the Gettsyburg campaign, and it being one of the decisive battles of the world it is of value to have a general knowledge of the situation, the manner of meeting in conflict, and its relations to our local troops. Our county had three companies in that battle. We will endeavor to concisely follow these companies in their march to Gettysburg and the part they took in that great conflict. In order to avoid a confusion of names and minutiae we will locate


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Created: 24 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors