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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 153
BERRYVILLE, VA.

    On the 28th of August, Gen. Sheridan moved the Army of the Shenandoah Valley from Halltown to Charlestown. This was the actual beginning of his famous campaign of 1864.
    On September 3d Anderson's division of Lee's army was ordered to return to Petersburg. In order to cover his retirement, Rode's division of infantry with Lomax's cavalry made a demonstration at Bunker Hill, and as Anderson was marching towards Snicker's Gap in the Blue Ridge he suddenly encountered Crook's infantry (54th Regiment) at Berryville, a few miles west of the Gap. It was a surprise to both parties and a brisk engagement took place which continued until dark. The next morning Anderson withdrew. Col. John P. Linton commanded the Third Brigade in this action. The Fifty-fourth Pennsylvania Infantry, led by Major E. D. Yutzy, was actively engaged. The combat at Berryville was the last one in which Gen. Campbell participated, for on that day he was honorably discharged by reason of the expiration of his term of service.
                Report of Col. John P. Linton of the battle near Berryville.

                Headquarters Third Brigade, First Infantry Division,
                Department of West Virginia,
                Summit Point, Va. September 14, 1864.

    Lieutenant! I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the Third Brigade in the late engagement near Berryville, on the 3rd instant. At the beginning of the contest the Eleventh and Fifteenth Regiments, West Virginia Infantry, were hurriedly ordered from preparations for bivouac, and after some changes were under orders from the division commander, placed the Eleventh partially deployed as skirmishers in the woods at the north (or right) side of the pike from Berryville to Winchester, and the Fifteenth in line in a clump of woods on the south (or left) side of the same, with skirmishers thrown out on the front and left flank. Subsequently the position of the Fifteenth was changed, under the personal direction of the colonel commanding the division, by advancing about 200 yards to a crest of a hill in front and placing it, as I understand it, on the extreme left of the line. While these dispositions were being made I learned that the general commanding had directed the balance of the brigade to proceed to the right of the line, and the two regiments on the left being separated as indicated. I deemed it proper to proceed to the right. I have therefore no personal knowledge of the part taken by the Eleventh and Fifteenth Regiments of the West Virginia Volunteers in the fight. From the reports of their commanders, to which I respectfully refer, it appears that the Fifteenth was


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Created: 20 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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