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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 79
These prisoners were exchanged in December, 1862, after an imprisonment of about two months.
    After the battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862, Col. Campbell took his regiment to Mangaris Mills, Virginia, on the opposite side of the Potomac from the two armies, and on the 18th of September his men were the only Union troops in Virginia. Gen. McClellan's cavalry force sent to picket the Maryland shore, observed the troops in Union uniforms on the opposite side of the river, but believed they were the enemy in disguise.
    On January 29, 1863, Lieut.-Col. McDermit resigned, Maj. John P. Linton succeeded him, and Capt. Enoch D. Yutzy was promoted to major. The regiment was now attached to the Fourth Brigade of the First Division, Department of West Virginia, Col. Campbell in command of the brigade, and Col. Linton of the regiment.
    On Jul 6, 1863, Gen. Kelly brought his forces to the Williamsport fording of the Potomac to co-operate with Gen. Meade in the pursuit of Lee's army after the Gettysburg Battle. Col. Campbell, with the division, crossed the river, and on the 19th became heavily engaged with the retreating army. During the night Gen. Kelly withdrew the division without giving notice to Col. Campbell, who remained with the 54th regiment on the Virginia shore. In the morning the enemy threw a few shells into the regiment, but soon retired, when Col. Campbell took his command back to the old locations.
    On August 15, 1863, Col. Mulligan, of the 23rd Illinois, was threatened with an attack near Petersburg. The 54th Regiment went to his relief, where they were engaged for three weeks. On November 6 the brigade moved to Springfield, where a reorganization took place. The 54th was assigned to the First Brigade of the Second Division, with Col. Campbell in command of the brigade. On January 4, 1864, Gen. Kelly apprehended an attack on Cumberland, and Col. Campbell took a portion of his command to that place. The following month Harry Gilmore's Confederate rangers, in the garb of Union soldiers and by other practices, deceived the pickets and made a dash into Capt. Davis' Company F at Patterson's creek, which, after a struggle, was compelled to surrender. It is said that after they had surrendered Gilmore shot and instantly killed Corporal Gibbs, which, with other similar acts, has made him infamous.
    The Shenandoah valley is a beautiful farming district, the


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Created: 16 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors