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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 55
geon, and subsequently taken to other prisons. On March 1, 1865, he was paroled.
    The battle was renewed at daylight on Sunday, the second day, an continued until late in the afternoon. About 3 o'clock Rosecrans' right and center broke and were driven back in great confusion---even to a panic. This was disastrous. Gen. Garfield, Rosecrans' chief of staff, reached Thomas about 4 o'clock and informed him of the defeat to McCook's and Crittenden's corps on that portion of the line, and of the retreating condition of their men. That magnificent soldier did not despair, nor did he lose his courage. He maintained his unusual strategical nerve, at once formed his troops on Snodgrass' Hill and assumed command of the army. He made a rallying place for the straggler and the panic-stricken men, and held Bragg's army at bay until 5:30 p.m., when he retired in good order to Rossville, passing through McFarland's Gap. He was one of the great men which the Civil war developed, having saved the Army of the Cumberland, and for that he is known as the "Rock of Chickamauga."
    Gen. D. H. Hill, who commanded the right wing of Bragg's army, avers that the latter's great blunder was in not pursuing Rosecrans in the 21st and adds: " There was no more splendid fighting in '61, when the flower of the Southern youth was in the field, then was displayed in those bloody days of September, '63. But it seems to me that the Úlan of the Southern soldier was never seen after Chickamauga---that brilliant dash which had distinguished him had gone forever." Hill closes by declaring, "that barren victory sealed the fate of the Southern Confederacy."
    The losses to both armies were terrible. In Company C's battalion of 124 non-commissioned officers and men who went into action on the 20th, but 51 remained, and of the twelve officers but three lieutenants answered to roll call the next morning. Rosecrans lost about 16,000 and Bragg about 18,000 men, about thirty-three per cent of their forces. Longstreet lost forty-four per cent on Sunday while attacking Thomas on the Snodgrass Hill, and Preston thirty-three per cent. Rosecrans suffered equally as heavily. Carlin's brigade lost fifty-three per cent, Buell's forty-five per cent, and Brennan's thirty-six per cent.
    The following is an extract from the report of the Confederate General Liddell:


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Created: 16 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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