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History of Cambria County, V.2

HISTORY OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 5
    I do certify that the foregoing is a true copy of a return made to me by Col. Proctor, in substitution of the draft from the 142d Regiment.
George Graham,
Brigade Inspector

THE MEXICAN WAR–1847-1848

    There were two companies from Cambria county in this war-the “Highlanders,” from the Summit, commanded by Capt. John W. Geary, and the Cambria Guards, from Ebensburg, under Capt. James Murray, who resigned and was succeeded by Charles H. Heyer. Geary was promoted to be colonel of his regiment when Capt. John Humphreys commanded the company.
    The companies left Ebensburg, January 2, 1847, and were taken to Pittsburg over the Northern pike in wagons furnished by the people of the vicinity. The first day took them to Blairsville, the second to Murrysville, and the last into Pittsburg. There they joined eight other companies: Capt. Lozier, from Reading; Capt. Johnston, from Philadelphia; Capt. Naylor, from Harrisburg; Capt. William Roberts, from Uniontown; Capt. Porter, from Pittsburg; and Capt. Robert Klotz, from Mauch Chunk, one from Greensburg, and the other from Columbia county, and organized the Second Regiment. At that time Roberts was chosen colonel, and Geary lieutenant-colonel. The regiment remained in Pittsburg for a few days, then embarked on the “Wisconsin,” and had a very pleasant voyage down the Ohio and the Mississippi rivers to New Orleans. They went into camp about seven miles below the city, the site of the old battlefield under General Jackson.
    The “Highlanders” were Company C, and the “Guards” were Company D of the Second Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers. In about ten days the troops embarked in a sailing vessel, the “General Vezea,” for Vera Cruz, after some delay on account of smallpox developing in another company, which placed all the men in quarantine. On August 7 the regiment left Perote, Mexico, and in three days reached the crest of the Cordilleras, whence was spread out a splendid view of the Valley of Mexico, with the city, the object of the journey, nestled in the midst. The capital, however, was guarded by three times as many men as were in Gen. Scott's army, and the fortifications were numerous and formidable. Then followed the succession of victories-Contreras, taken almost be-


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Created: 14 Mar 2003, Last Updated: 30 Mar 2008
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Lynne Canterbury, Diann Olsen and contributors