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OF CAMBRIA COUNTY. 437

degree those qualities of head and heart which contribute to make the ideal judge. It is said of him by those who are in a position to know, that his mind is one strictly of the legal vamp that in the unraveling of an intricate case, and in his unerring interpretation of the law, he has few superiors in the great State of Pennsylvania, so noted for its eminent legal and judicial talent. It is certainly true that the rulings of but few judges are more frequently quoted than are those of Judge Augustine V. Barker. In the six years he has occupied the bench he has not yet been reversed by the Supreme Court in any case that has been taken up from his district.


CONSTANTINE H. BARKER, a merchant of Ebensburg, the county-seat of this county, was born in Lovell, Oxford county, Maine, September 20, 1854, and is a son of Hon. Abraham A. and Losina P. (Little) Barker.
    For ancestral history see the sketch of his father, which appears above. After attending the common schools of Cambria county, where he mastered the elements of an education, he entered the Shippensburg State Normal school, at Shippensburg, this county, from which he graduated in 1874. He then became a partner with his father and his brothers in the mercantile and lumbering business at Ebensburg, and has ever since continued in this situation.
    Politically he has strong prohibitionist principles, but usually casts his vote in support of the Republican party and its measures.


CHARLES F. FRASER, a mining engineer of ability and reputation, and a member and the general manager of the Summit Coal and Coke company, is a son of Capt.

D. St. George and Jeannette (McDonald) Fraser, and was born at Wingham, Dominion of Canada, June 30, 1862. Capt. D. St. George Fraser was born in Scotland in 1826, and was graduated in the course of civil engineering from the famous university of Edinburgh. He resided in one of the suburban districts of the city of Glasgow until 1855, in which year he came to Canada, and was employed for two years as an engineer on the construction of the great Canadian and Pacific railroad. He then, with his brother-in-law, Laughlin McDonald, also a civil engineer, went to Memphis, Tennessee, and embarked in the transportation of cotton. They owned and ran three steamboats, and were doing a large and prosperous business, but the Civil War came, and they lost one of their boats and a large amount of property. After the war Capt. Fraser went to Bedford county and took up the profession of mining engineer, which he followed until his death, at Stanton, Virginia, which occurred July 11, 1892. He and McDonald practically developed the Clearfield county coal region. He laid out the coal town of Houtzdale, this State, and the coal towns of Clifton Forge and Shinston, in Virginia. Capt. Fraser resided successively at Saxton and Bedford, this State, and was an accepted authority on coal-veins and coal-mining. He was an Odd Fellow, and a member of the Episcopal church, in which he was a lay reader. He was a man of intelligence, observation and general information. He married Jeannette McDonald, a native of Glasgow, Scotland.
    Capt. and Mrs. Fraser had a family of three sons and two daughters: William R., a mining engineer of Altoona; L. A., an editor; Charles F., Minnie E., and Nora.
    Charles F. Fraser received his literary edu-


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