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In April, 1844, Mr. Costlow married Sarah Reynolds, a daughter of William Reynolds, of Westmoreland county. Mr. And Mrs. Costlow have eleven children: Rachel Ann, wife of John George, of Johnstown; Peter, a farmer of Adams township; John, now at Cresson; David; Jasper and James, Jr., who are residents of Johnstown; Margaret, wife of John M. Rhodes of near Dunlo; Thomas, living at Moxham, near Johnstown; Catherine, wife of George Eichensaher, of Dunlo, and Edward and Frederick, who are engaged in work for their father.
    During the late Civil War Mr. Costlow enlisted in 1864 in Company G, Eighteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, and served nine months, but Lee's surrender came before the regiment saw much active service. He is a member of Wilmore Catholic church, and in politics was originally an old-line whig, but when that party went to pieces he affiliated with the Democratic party, which he has supported ever since. He has held the township offices of inspector, supervisor, tax collector and school director, and in 1884 was elected county commissioner, which office he held for a term of three years. As a public official Mr. Costlow has always been faithful and rendered satisfaction, while as a business man his career has been one of honor and success.

JACOB JACOBY, of Walnut Grove, is one of those who have won success because they have deserved it, and have made environment but opportunity for achievement. He is a son of Peter and Mary (Loup) Jacoby, and first saw the light of day on the old "homestead," at Locust Grove, Cambria county, March 20, 1836. Peter Jacoby, whose father came from Germany, was born in Lehigh county in 1791, and lived to be eighty-

eight years of age, dying in 1879. He received the education imparted by the schools of his neighborhood, and made himself thorough in the trades of shoemaker and stonemason, being a natural mechanic. He then built several houses in Philadelphia, that are still weathering well the frosts and rains of nearly a century, and afterwards came to Locust Grove, where he followed shoemaking for several years. Always having a taste and inclination towards agricultural pursuits, he left the shoemaker's bench to purchase at Locust Grove a farm, which, by successive additions, eventually grew to a four-hundred acre tract. As a farmer he was a success, stamping on everything around him the evidence of his mechanical individuality. He was an old-line whig, and a member of the Lutheran church, and in politics and religion manifested the same active interest that characterized him in business. Peter Jacoby married Mary Loup, who lacked but six years of reaching the century mark, dying January 1, 1886, when well advanced in the ninety-fourth year of her age. The family consisted of twelve children, of whom two sons and four daughters are still living.
    Jacob Jacoby was reared on the homestead farm, attended the common schools, and at an early age gave evidence of the mechanical ability which he possessed. At the age of sixteen years he built by hand a saw and grist mill; the next year erected a house which he now owns, and four years later commenced life for himself as a millwright, without one cent in his pocket. He came to Johnstown where he built the flouring-mill now operated by McDermot, Wertz & Co., of Johnstown, still standing, and soon found all the work that be could do. He remained in Johnstown from 1857, when

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